Ethical decision-making models.

For this Week’s Discussion, review the following five ethical decision-making models. An overview of these five ethical decision-making models can be found in the Learning Resources.

Koocher and Keith-Spiegel’s nine-step ethical decision-making model

Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists: The 10-step ethical decision-making process

James Rest’s four-step ethical decision-making model
Jones’s four-step intensity-contingent ethical decision-making model

Fisher’s eight-step ethical decision-making model

Post by Day 4 a description of the decision-making model most applicable to your area of specialization and explain why it is most applicable. Describe an ethical dilemma you encountered or observed. Explain how using this model might have changed the outcomes. Please note that the confidentiality of Discussions cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, please do not include identifying details of actual individuals or organizations in your responses.


Theories of crime causation.

This week has covered several theories of crime causation including Rational Choice Theory, Trait Theory, and the Developmental Theories; Life Course, Propensity, and Trajectory. Select one of these theories that you feel best describes why crime occurs, and write a well-constructed, one page essay (500+ words) explaining how this theory applies to crime and criminals. What causes criminals to act and therefore crimes to occur? Please provide any examples you feel exemplify


Social scientists.

While social psychologists are often motivated by simple curiosity to study social behavior, they are also frequently motivated by the desire to help resolve social problems, such as increasing conservation of natural resources, increasing the practice of safe sex, understanding the relationship between viewing television violence and aggressive behavior, developing effective negotiation strategies for the reduction of international conflict, finding ways to reduce racial prejudice, and helping people adjust to life changes.

In this week’s Assignment, you will explore prosocial, or helping, behavior. Prosocial behavior can be observed in situations ranging from everyday interactions with friends and family to the extraordinary circumstances of natural disasters. Some of these behaviors go unnoticed while others are highly publicized. Some helping behavior is spontaneous, such as when someone helps a person in a wheelchair by opening a door, whereas other helping behavior is highly structured, such as that which takes place within volunteer organizations.


Ethical conflicts in psychology.

Post by Day 4 a specialization of interest to you and compare that specialization’s ethics code to one other ethical code you have encountered thus far. Explain how you might negotiate any differences between the codes that might pose ethical conflicts in a professional setting. In your response, describe what elements of each code are nonnegotiable and explain why. Provide specific examples in your response.

Week 2 Learning Resources

This page contains the Learning Resources for this week. Be sure to scroll down the page to see all of this week’s assigned Learning Resources.

Required Resources
Bersoff, D. (Ed.). (2008). Ethical conflicts in psychology (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


Animals in scientific research.

The use of animals in research is controversial. Investigate this controversy using at least five resources from the South


Research Ethics.

For this Discussion, review the media titled Research Ethics. Keeping in mind that titles and research practices in South Africa may differ from those in other locales or academic environments, consider some of the ethical


Psychological science and definition of cognition.

The very first psychologists began their foray into the field by wondering how people think. Those pioneers had no idea what a difficult journey they were embarking upon. Human thought processes are incredibly complex and psychologists still argue today about how thinking, or cognition, occurs.


. The painting.

There are three main strategies for analyzing works of art: contextual theory, formal theory, and expressive theory. Last week you used expressive theory to discuss a work of art by relating it to the life of the artist. This week you will discuss a painting in terms of formal theory; in other words, you will analyze how the meaning a work of art is shaped by its visual characteristics.


Organizational culture .

Culture is a term that can be used to describe and distinguish the unique characteritics of an ethnic group, a nation, a corporation, or other distinct groups of people. Athletic teams, religious groups, professions, and the military are examples of groups that have unique cultural characteristics.


Ethical conflicts in psychology.

Post by Day 4 an explanation of two ways technology might influence confidentiality. Then explain how technology might influence compliance with HIPAA or FERPA (whichever is most relevant to your specialization).

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