Within the context of an emergency situation, where people have been displaced from their homes and are existing in overcrowded conditions, environmental factors and sanitation are keys to health protection. Environmental measures in a disaster situation include the provision of adequate volumes of water free from contamination, facilities to dispose of human excreta, hand washing, protection of food from spoilage, and the provision of housing and shelter” (Novick, L. F., Morrow, C.B., & Mays, G. P., 2008).
What are the general principles of environmental services during disasters? How do they vary for different types of disasters?
Novick, L. F., Morrow, C.B., & Mays, G. P. (2008). Public health administration: Principles for population-based management (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. ISBN-13: 9780763738426. http://gcumedia.com/digital-
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disaster is the doctrine of efficiency and effectiveness. Under this principle, we must acknowledge that there are limited resources in cases of disaster. Therefore, we must ensure that the maximum number of victims utilizes the limited available resources without wastage (Biddison et al., 2018). The other principle that will apply is the doctrine of proportionality. The philosophy dictates that the available resources should be allocated equitably to the victims. When using this principle, the authorities need to identify a particular group of victims that are more vulnerable to the effects of the disaster than others (Biddison et al., 2018). Such individuals should be given priority in the allocation of the available resources.