Legal and Ethical Issues for Health Professionals

discussion post week 6

Discuss the elements to use when assessing mental competency in patients. How could a patient’s decision be affected in situations where the decisions do not appear to make sense?

Legal and Ethical Issues for Health Professionals

Pozgar, G. D. (2020). Legal and ethical issues for health professionals (5th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning. ISBN-13: 97812

Answer preview

All patients have the right to decision-making regarding their medical interventions. The capacity to make medical decisions is the patient’s capacity to understand the benefits and dangers of a suggested intervention and the options to a suggested treatment, including failure to receive treatment. Where else, capacity is the beginning of informed consent. Hospitals must practice the doctrine of informed consent to all patients regarding the disease, treatment options, benefits, and associated risks and alternatives, including lack of treatment (Pozgar, 2020). Patients can make decisions about their medical procedures if they can show they understand their situation. Also, show that they are ready for any consequences pertaining to their decision, whether positive or negative, shows that their decision was reasoned enough and can communicate their views well. However, suppose there is a reason to question patients’ decisions, for instance, mental status, risk factors associated with their decision, or refusing a beneficial treatment plan. In that case, the doctor should consider more formal evaluations.