You have worked in a regional crime scene unit for four years. The team recently hired three graduates from a Professional Certification Organization for Crime Scene Investigators. The three graduates’ specialties are firearms identification, blood spatter pattern analysis, and fingerprint comparison. You have been working under their respective specialty supervisors for several years and have been involved in research and live case work.
They have never testified on their own as expert witnesses and they have come to you asking what the credentials are to become an expert witness in a case and who makes the decision that they are an expert witness for that trial.
They also want to know, once they are found to be an expert witness in a trial, does it mean they are automatically considered to be an expert for the same subject in the next trial that they must testify in?
Address their concerns by answering the following:
Requirements: 300 or more words
here is the course textbook for reference – Garland, N. (2019). Criminal Evidence (8th Edition). McGraw-Hill Higher Education (US).
Expert witnesses are a vital component of the judicial process. The testimony provided by these witnesses during a trial often educates juries and judges on complicated matters and can swing the verdict rendered by a jury (Garland, 2019). Under the Federal Rules of Evidence, a qualified expert can give their opinion to assist a court in fully understanding the evidence or establishing a fact in an issue (Garland, 2019). To be considered an expert witness during a trial, one must meet two qualifying conditions: qualifications and credentials. Typically, expert witnesses must possess pertinent knowledge or experience in the field of study for the evidence they will opine on during trial (Garland, 2019). Furthermore, expert witnesses should also present their testimony. Credentials are needed prior to testifying to ensure an expert witness’s